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The European Union assesses the effects of cochineal orange extracts and dietary exposure on children
发布日期:2018-07-05 17:37:32 来源:admin 浏览次数:0
The eu dietary exposure assessment is mainly considered the existence of a specific hazard factor and the concentration and consumption patterns, eating foods problem with specific risk factors and the possibility of food containing high content of specific risk factors, etc. Usually, exposure assessments provide an estimated intake/exposure range (such as average consumption and high consumption) and specific consumer groups (such as pregnant women, children and adults). That said, the eu now believes that the total amount of cochineal orange in a child's diet has exceeded the permitted amount.

        Recently, according to the European food safety authority (EFSA), at the request of the European commission, the European food safety authority is annatto orange extract (annattoextracts) as a food additive exposure risk assessment by opinion.

        Cochineal orange is a kind of natural flavonoid extracted from rosewood seeds. Its main pigments are bixin and norbixin.

        Eu expert group thinks, by way of assessment for all populations, bixin dietary exposure levels lower than the daily intake, for children, however, at the highest level, the dietary exposure quantity will be more than the daily allowed intake.


        The eu dietary exposure assessment is mainly considered the existence of a specific hazard factor and the concentration and consumption patterns, eating foods problem with specific risk factors and the possibility of food containing high content of specific risk factors, etc.

        Usually, exposure assessments provide an estimated intake/exposure range (such as average consumption and high consumption) and specific consumer groups (such as pregnant women, children and adults).

        That said, the eu now believes that the total amount of cochineal orange in a child's diet has exceeded the permitted amount.


        Basic properties of cochineal orange


        Annatto orange


        Chinese name: cochineal tree orange


        English name: annatto extract


        Function: coloring agent


        Rouge orange tree is native to central and South America extracted from the seed aril of annatto of a kind of edible natural orange pigment, mainly composed of annatto orange (bixin) and drop annatto orange bixin (drop).

        The is found in large Numbers in aril, rouge orange trees, after food enters the body, annatto methyl orange first hydrolysis, into drop rouge orange trees, and then to absorb, transport and a series of metabolic processes.


        Water-soluble cochineal orange is a red-brown liquid, lump, powder or paste.

        Soluble in water and alkaline solution, slightly soluble in ethanol.

        Heat resistance is strong, can be 180 ℃ high temperature resistant and not change color and color stability, wide used in food coloring to use and convenient.

        Good affinity to milk protein, suitable for cheese and dairy products.

        The colors range from orange to yellow and can be used in meats, sweets, baked goods, beverages and snacks, especially for the coloring of cooked meat products.


        Oil soluble cochineal orange is a red-brown solution or suspension.

        The main pigment component is lignin.

        Lignin is an orange-purple crystal, which is obtained by extracting the epidermis of seeds from food-grade vegetable oil.

        Seed epidermis was extracted with organic solvent and diluted with food and vegetable oil after solvent was removed.


        Application range of cochineal tree orange in GB2760 China


        Annatto orange covering the scope of application of curing cheese, cheese, margarine, planting the fat end again, frozen drinks, jam, chocolate, candy, pastry, powder, convenient ready-to-eat cereals, rice flour products, baking food, western-style ham, meat enema, compound seasonings, drink, jelly, snack food, etc., using range is very wide.


        China has imposed strict restrictions on the use of cochineal orange, which will not cause harm to human body.

        But also because in candy, jam, chocolate, puffed food, jelly, sausages, beverages in the children's favorite snacks are used, too much to eat these food intake may cause overweight children.

        Parents should also try to give children fewer snacks and replace them with a more natural diet.


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